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"Avoid loud and aggressive persons, they are vexations to the spirit."

Jen Taylor & Josh Nellist

Biological Functions

Twin Studies
Adoption Studies
Brain Functions

Social and
Environmental Factors

Social Factors
Environmental Factors

Treatment for excessive aggression






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Berkowitz, Leonard. Aggression: It's Causes, Consequences and Control. New York: McGraw, 1993.

Carey, Gregory & Donna R. Miles. "Genetic and Environmental Architecture of Human Aggression."

Dumanoski, D. (1997). "Child's plauge". Sierra, 82.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 72 (1997): 207-217. Copeland, Peter & Dean Hammer.

Lindsay, J. (2000). From antecedent conditions to violent actions: A general affective aggression model. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 26.

Living With Our Genes. New York: Anchor, 1998. Edwards, David C. Motivation and Emotion: Evolutionary, Physiological, Cognitive and Social Influences. Thousand Oaks California: Sage, 1999.

Nathanson, A. (2000). Reducing the aggression-promoting affect of violent cartoons by increasing children's fictional involvement with the victim: A study of avtive meditation. Jounral of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 44.

Phillipsen, L. (1999). Relating charracteristics of children and their friends to relational and overt aggression. Child Study Journal, 29.

Slocum, D. (2000). Film violence and the institutionalization of the cinema. Social Research, 67.